Icelandic horse study: How accurately can age be estimated from their teeth?

By | June 1, 2019
Icelandic Horses inward their native Republic of Iceland Icelandic Equus caballus study: How accurately tin historic menstruum endure estimated from their teeth?
Icelandic Horses inward their native Iceland. © Nick Hodgson

Using the Earth of the teeth to jurist the historic menstruum of horses has been used for centuries, simply how accurate is it for the Icelandic breed?

Jarosław Łuszczyński together with his colleagues, writing inward the magazine Animals, banknote that historic menstruum estimates for horses based on the appearance of teeth seem to endure from relatively large errors.

That said, it tin endure useful inward identifying the historic menstruum of horses of unknown origin, together with tin aid owners, breeders, or veterinarian surgeons to brand decisions regarding purchase, insurance, or treatment.

The researchers undertook a study to assess the historic menstruum of Icelandic horses based on the Earth of their teeth, inward item selected features of the incisors.

They used 126 Icelandic horses ranging from foals to 24-year-olds for their study. They all lived on a stud farm inward southwestern Poland.

The assessments were performed past times an experienced Equus caballus soul amongst extensive sense inward determining historic menstruum based on the appearance of the teeth, simply amongst no specialization inward veterinarian equine dentistry.

Age was determined based on the inspection of the teeth together with compared to the actual historic menstruum of the Equus caballus recorded inward the equine passport.

The estimated historic menstruum did non fit the existent historic menstruum inward 36.5% of the horses.

Age was to a greater extent than oftentimes underestimated (19.0%) by, on average, 0.9 ± 1.0 years than overestimated (17.5%) by, on average, 1.3 ± 1.4 years.

The to the lowest degree issue of errors inward determining historic menstruum were made inward immature horses aged 0–2 years, when the eruption together with growing of the deciduous incisors (milk teeth) together with the disappearance of the cups was considered.

The average per centum of errors inward this grouping (2.1%) was significantly lower than for older horses, whose historic menstruum was estimated based on the telephone commutation of milk teeth to permanent teeth (55.8%), the disappearance of the cups (68.0%), together with shape changes on the grinding surfaces (40.0%).

“Significantly to a greater extent than frequent underestimation of historic menstruum based on replacing deciduous for permanent incisors together with significantly to a greater extent than frequent overestimation of historic menstruum on the reason of the disappearance of the loving cup may betoken that Icelandic horses upward to v years of historic menstruum are characterized past times a slower charge per unit of measurement of increment than horses of other breeds, particularly warmblood horses,” they reported.

“It is probable that characteristic changes occurring inward Icelandic horses’ incisors may endure related to the specific course of study of evolution processes of this breed.

“These results advise that patterns used to arrive at upward one’s heed the existent historic menstruum of horses based on changes occurring on the incisors should endure modified inward guild to consider the specificity of the course of study of increment together with maturation processes of horses of diverse types together with breeds.”

The authors advise that slower abrasion of teeth of Icelandic horses mightiness endure a characteristic characteristic of primitive horses. Diet may also influence the abrasion of incisors.

The Frequency of Errors inward Determining Age Based on Selected Features of the Incisors of Icelandic Horses
Jarosław Łuszczyński, Magdalena Pieszka, Weronika Petrych together with Monika Stefaniuk-Szmukier
Animals 2019, 9(6), 298; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060298

The study, published nether a Creative Commons License, tin endure read here

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