A mechanical Equus caballus used inward a airplane pilot study inward French Republic improved the postural coordination of brain-damaged patients, according to researchers.
For their study, Normandy University researcher Héloïse Baillet in addition to her colleagues used xviii volunteer brain-damaged patients who had been affected yesteryear either stroke or traumatic encephalon injury.
Ten of the participants were randomly selected to undertake a computer program of conventional therapy associated alongside horse-riding practice on the mechanical Equus caballus for xxx minutes, twice a week, for 12 weeks. The remaining viii undertook conventional therapy without the purpose of the mechanical horse.
Postural coordination was evaluated earlier in addition to later the program.
The results showed improvements inward the postural coordination of the patients who used the mechanical Equus caballus when compared alongside those who undertook solely conventional therapy.
After 24 sessions, the coordination of the Equus caballus grouping patients differed from that of the command group, showing their mightiness to adjust to constraints in addition to develop specific modes of postural coordination to optimize their posture.
The researchers, writing inward the periodical Frontiers inward Psychology, noted that, most often, postural coordination analysis is performed on salubrious individuals inward a standing position.
“Nevertheless, erect posture is often hard to arrive at for disabled individuals, especially brain-damaged patients, who may thence survive constrained to the sitting position.”
These patients oftentimes conduct keep residual deficits in addition to uneven motor control, resulting inward decreased stability.
Sitting posture has been studied fifty-fifty less, despite it beingness a mutual in addition to familiar position, notably for infants.
Horse riding has been employed for postural rehabilitation, taking wages of the rhythmic equine movements. Several studies, the authors noted, conduct keep indicated the positive effects on musculus tone, posture, balance, in addition to pain. It has also improved emotional in addition to psychological dimensions.
The mechanical Equus caballus was created inward the 1990s in addition to has been used inward rehabilitation centers to improve motor abilities, musculus tone, postural coordination, in addition to liberate energy expenditure inward disabled patients without the unpredictability of an animal.
The researchers prepare out to evaluate the impact of a novel preparation protocol on the mechanical Equus caballus for brain-damaged patients.
They hypothesized that 24 preparation sessions on the Equus caballus would select nearly improvements, helping them to resist postural disorganization when the oscillation charge per unit of measurement on the mechanical Equus caballus was increased – an adjustment that mimicked faster gaits.
The study squad reported that a alter inward trunk/horse coordination was observed for all patients later 12 weeks of training, alongside or without the mechanical horse. But yesteryear this fourth dimension the postural coordination of the Equus caballus grouping patients was improve than that of the command group.
However, the authors stressed that it was a preliminary study alongside several limitations in addition to without clinical relevance.
They said further, better-designed studies were needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this tool inward the rehabilitation of patients alongside neurological disorders.
The sum study squad comprised Baillet, David Leroy, Régis Thouvarecq, Nicolas Benguigui in addition to Eric Vérin, all alongside the University of Normandy; Claire Delpouve, alongside the CRMPR Les Herbiers Rehabilitation Center inward Bois-Guillaume; in addition to John Komar, alongside the National Institute of Education at Nanyang Technological University inward Singapore.
Baillet H, Leroy D, Vérin E, Delpouve C, Benguigui N, Komar J in addition to Thouvarecq R (2019) Effect of Mechanical Horse Practice every bit New Postural Training inward Patients With Neurological Disorders: Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 Pilot Study. Front. Psychol. 10:1035. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01035