Animal-assisted therapy tin foster social competence inwards patients with encephalon injuries in addition to increase their emotional interest during therapy, researchers report.
After a severe traumatic encephalon injury, patients often present problems inwards their social behavior.
For instance, they may endure from reduced emotional empathy in addition to present impaired emotional expression, all contributing to communicative problems inwards social interactions.
Animal-assisted therapy is increasingly existence used inwards rehabilitation to better these deficits.
Integrating animals into therapy can, for example, possess patient hateful solar daytime of the month in addition to motivation.
Researchers from the Faculty of Psychology at Switzerland’s University of Basel possess got undertaken the start systematic study on in-patients with acquired encephalon injury to assess the effectiveness of this therapy method.
The study involved conducting animal-assisted therapy sessions for xix adult participants with conventional therapy sessions.
Beforehand, therapists in addition to patients chose a suitable animate existence for their animal-assisted therapy sessions. The animals involved inwards the projection were horses, donkeys, sheep, goats, miniature pigs, cats, chickens, rabbits in addition to guinea pigs.
All animals were housed inwards the therapy-animal facility at REHAB Basel, which was a collaborator inwards the study.
The patients’ social demeanour were recorded in addition to evaluated during to a greater extent than than 200 animal-assisted in addition to conventional therapy sessions. The study too documented patient mood in addition to satisfaction in addition to their handling motivation – an of import standard inwards therapeutic success.
The results of the clinical trial, reported inwards the mag Scientific Reports, showed patients exhibited to a greater extent than active social hateful solar daytime of the month during the animate existence sessions than during the conventional therapy sessions.
They expressed virtually twice every bit many positive emotions in addition to communicated to a greater extent than often both verbally in addition to non-verbally.
The animal-assisted therapy had no lawsuit on negative emotions, such every bit rage or anger.
If an animate existence was introduce during the therapy session, patients considered themselves to a greater extent than satisfied in addition to their motivation to actively participate inwards the therapy higher. This was inwards job with the assessments of the therapists.
“The results advise that animal-assisted therapy tin possess got a positive lawsuit on the social demeanour of patients with encephalon injuries,” the study’s main investigator, Dr Karin Hediger, said.
“Animals tin hold upward relevant therapeutic partners, because they motivate patients to attention for the animal.
“Secondly, animals furnish a stimulus for patients to actively engage inwards the therapeutic activities.”
Thus, animal-assisted therapy may hold upward a promising supplement to conventional neurorehabilitation, says the psychologist.
The study was carried out past times the academy researchers inwards collaboration with REHAB Basel, the hospital for neurorehabilitation in addition to paraplegiology, in addition to the Swiss Tropical in addition to Public Health Institute.
Karin Hediger, Stefan Thommen, Cora Wagner, Jens Gaab, Margret Hund-Georgiadis
Effects of animal-assisted therapy on social behaviour inwards patients with acquired encephalon injury: a randomised controlled trial
Scientific Reports (2019), doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-42280-0